Basilica of the Annunciation
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Basilica of the Annunciation

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Old City, near Terra Santa High School, Nazareth
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Church of the Annunciation, also known as the Basilica of the Annunciation, is the impressive and spectacular site in the city and considered one of the holiest church in the Christian world.
The church is built where it was the home of Mary, the mother of Jesus, And in her lower floor, is the holy of holies - the Cave of Mary, the cave, that it was according to Christian tradition - Catholic, the angel Gabriel to Mary and informed her that she would bear Jesus in her womb.
In 427 CE, during the Byzantine period, the first church was established, and has been destroyed and several churches were built instead.
The present building, which was inaugurated on 1969 guard inside the remains of old churches, is one of the grand churches and the largest in the Middle East.
The basilica rises to a height of 59.5 m, with an exhibition of pictures inside colorful mosaic of the Holy Family.
The mosaic images were prepared by the Christian communities all over the world, each creating a mosaic reflects the national character of the state that sent the creation.
With the Muslim conquest of Palestina - Israel in 638 the Christians were forced to pay large sums of money to Muslims to allow the continued existence of the church., Her condition was growing worse by the early Crusader period, in the 11th century she was almost completely destroyed.
When the Crusaders arrived to Nazareth they found the place completely destroyed. Tancred, Prince of Galilee, built the church again and established a magnificent basilica of impressive dimensions. In order to preserve the sacred cave and the remains of old churches and prayer in order to allow a large number of believers, the church was built on two levels. The church is a monumental building powerful convey a sense of immortality.

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